Doctors characterize cancer in stages, using Roman numerals from 0, or zero, to IV, or four.
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In order to determine the stage of a tumor, doctors must look at the original tumor and determine where it is located, its size, and if it has been noticed in other areas. The lower the stage number, the better chance for successful treatment of the disease and for the best results. Although DCIS is always considered Stage 0, the tumor can be any size and may be found within several milk ducts inside the breast.
With proper treatment, the prognosis is excellent. Today more and more women are aware of the importance of early detection and are getting mammograms each year. Because of this, the number of cases of DCIS has increased. In addition, mammography technology has greatly improved as well and is better able to detect problems at an earlier stage. An estimated Most women who get DCIS do not have a family history of breast cancer.
Red flags for this include having a family history of breast cancer, especially if the cancer was discovered at a younger age, or before 50 years old. Other red flags for breast cancer that may be related to a genetic mutation include a family history of ovarian cancer , male breast cancer , multiple other cancers in the family and Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry. The most common risk factors for breast cancer include being female and getting older, and these are risk factors that cannot be changed. DCIS generally has no signs or symptoms.
A small number of people may have a lump in the breast or some discharge coming out of the nipple. Cytometry Part A. Quantitative nuclear morphometry by image analysis for prediction of recurrence of ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast.
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Ductal Carcinoma in Situ | Susan G. Komen®
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Common breast cancer types
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